There are many different manifestations of speed in training, such as the speed of a racer in a 100-meter dash, the speed at which a spear is released, the maximum speed of an athlete’s starting run in a high jump, the pace at which a middle player changes position from the middle section of the net to the side area, the speed at which a basketball player breaks free with the ball, and so on.
Athletics success is conditioned by completing a given movement at the fastest possible speed. Whether cyclic movement or single-speed movement, the outer expression of the resulting speed is always related to the fastest possible carrying out of the motion along a defined specific racecourse through muscle contraction. Sport-specific skill determines the precision of movement in a particular sports discipline.
Speed manifestations in sporting events are always characterized by the intensity they are experienced. It is possible to perform acyclic movements against only slight resistance. A circular process, like a skateboard wheel, is commonly performed without resistance and any considerable change in the direction of movement. The direction of movement can be significantly altered during cyclic movement, accompanied by a decrease in speed followed by an increase in speed and frequency of movements. A specific manifestation of speed, in this case, is referred to as agility in this context.
As a result, not every sprinter will be required to devote the same amount of time to developing each skill that will be addressed here. Here is the training that you need to go through for developing speed in sports-
Flexibility is a necessary condition for the development of rapidity of thought. The athlete’s ability to make full use of the maximum potential of a given movement is limited by the insufficient elasticity of the skeletal muscles. When it comes to sprinting, one example is an inadequate modification of the muscles in the back thigh, which results in limiting the length of one’s stride when running. The ability to fully extend the leg before the recovery phase is a precondition for reaching the appropriate ready placement on the ground and, subsequently, landing safely on the ground. Because of this, running with insufficient flexibility may result in an improper foot pose, longer ground contact, and a greater braking force than necessary.
Athletes require fast and responsive strength to maximize their strength and athleticism on the field. However, this does not imply that they should only engage in movements with low resistance and increased pace during their training sessions. High movement speed necessitates applying power across a wide range of net muscular power output, which is necessary for high movement speed.
It is possible to approach the problem of speed endurance from multiple perspectives. Speed endurance can be defined as the ability to maintain high mobility for some time greater than 15 seconds, as in running professions in sports when the sportsman is instructed for achievement in a single run that is followed by an adequate rest period; or it can be characterized as the capacity to recurrently create greater movement speed with the shortest possible rest periods between individual repetitions.
Speed and movement are learned through instruction from a coach who has been taught in the dynamics of best possible athletic progression, someone who can identify any deficiencies, as well as provide instructions on what exercises as well as drills to perform to improve the athlete’s general trend and speed of movement. However, practice can drive you in the right direction.